A broad claim to a rich hunting territory in MN and ND
During the negotiations of the 1863 Treaty at the Old Crossing, the spokesman for the Pembina Chippewa, Red Bear (Misko-Makwa), claimed as that his territory and that of his followers extended, “from the point where the British boundary intersects Lake of the Woods (near Warroad, MN), to the head of Tamarac River, thence down said river to its mouth; thence up the Red River to Salt River (Forest River), thence up the main channel of Salt River to its head, thence in a direct line to the Place of Stumps (Stump Lake, ND), thence in a direct line to Poplar Grove (Grahams Island, ND), thence in a direct line to the Sheyenne River, thence up the main channel of the Sheyenne River to Dog House (Dogden Butte, ND), a hill of the Missouri Coteau — thence north to the Mouse River, thence along Mouse River to the British boundary, thence to the place of beginning [Lake of the Woods].
From Proceedings of the 1863 Treaty Negotiations
Chief Red Bear. Red Bear led the Pembina (Turtle Mountain) Chippewa along with Little Shell at the Old Crossing Treaty negotiations in 1863
This page is maintained by indigenous scholars, educators, and researchers to provide information about indigenous people and stories about the history, culture, and communities of the Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, and the Prairie Provinces of Canada.