An 1892 letter regarding the Metis at Turtle Mountain maintaining their own military to confront settlers stealing Indian lands around the Turtle Mountains. This is just one of the reasons that the McCumber Commission tried so hard to remove and disenroll the mixed-bloods at Turtle Mountain...
Many half-breed Indians from the British Possessions north and northwest of this state have settled in the Turtle Mountains and have so far successfully resisted the collection of state taxes among them. They have a quasi-military organization and have on one or two occasions terrorized the settlers of that region.
Those facts led to the formation of two troops of cavalry (at Bottineau and Dunseith) which last year received carbines, boxes, and belts and full dress uniforms. They will shortly receive complete equipment and mounted drills for troops and battalion will be held in the spring. They have not received the drill regulations, but the strong interest in the organizations has resulted in sufficient work with the infantry drill regulations to about place these troops on a par with the infantry companies.
Troop A at Dunseith has 41 members, of whom 30 were present for inspection. Troop B at Bottineau has 35 members, of whom 23 were present for inspection. These two troops are organized into a battalion with the necessary staff, commanded by Maj. W. H. McKee, of Dunseith. Most members are farmers and can attend drills only with much inconvenience to themselves, yet in the face of these facts the organization is kept up and the attendance at drill is good. The battalion is in good hands and a good degree of efficiency can be expected from Maj. McKee and his command.
REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR-GENERAL NATIONAL GUARD OF NORTH DAKOTA. Bismarck, N. Dak., November 7, 1892.
A collaborative effort of members of the Ojibwe and Metis communities