A Hiverant Metis Hunting and Camping Area
Wood Mountain lies to the northeast of the crossing of Frenchman’s Creek, about twenty miles north of the US/Canadian border. Geologically, It is a mass of glacial drift, rising above the surrounding plains, reaching a height of 3,800 feet above sea level.
Wood Mountain was well known as a winter camp for Metis hunters, known as "hiverants". These hearty hunters would stay on the prairies all winter, rather than returning to the Red River settlement each year.
There was a well-worn ox cart-trail from the Red River settlement to Wood Mountain. The trails also led to there from Turtle Mountain (North Dakota). From Wood mountain it was easy to reach Fort Union and other western trading posts from a trail which lead southeast to Fort Peck and the Milk and Missouri Rivers.
Adapted from: DEPARTMENT OF STATE. REPORTS UPON THE SURVEY OF THE BOUNDARY BETWEEN THE TERRITORY OF THE UNITED STATES AND THE POSSESSIONS OF GREAT BRITAIN (1877)