A report by Superintendent Joel Palmer to George W. Manypenny, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D.C. September 16, 1854.
"On the 22nd of July I met [another] train of the Red River Hunters from the vicinity of Selkirk settlement. This party was under the charge of Governor Delorme, whom, with several of their principal men, I invited to an entertainment at my camp. Upon conversing with Governor Delorme and his associates, I was very favorably impressed with the views they expressed as to their right to hunt in our territory, they being residents of the Territory on both sides of the boundary-line. They claim the protection of both governments, and the doubt as to the position of the boundary makes them uncertain as to the government upon which they have the most claim. During the hunting season they carry with them their families and their property. Many children are born during these expeditions, and they consider that children born upon our soil during the transit possess the heritage of American citizens."
"Strongly impressed in favor of American institutions, they desire to be noticed by our government, and feel a desire to meet and confer with a commissioner sent by it to treat with them. My own opinion is that while they have no fee simple in the soil, they have the same right and title which our government has acknowledged the Indian tribes to possess—a right of occupation for the purpose of hunting. With but little care, our government could obtain the whole of these people as citizens. We might thus protect the frontier, and always have in this vicinity a controlling check upon the Indians."
"The salutary effect of their presence is already visible in the entire safety with which a single white man, and small parties, can go through the country. The virtuous mode of life of these interesting people, their industry and frugality, and their adaptation to frontier life, make them eminently deserving the attention of our government."
From ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, 1854