DECOLONIZING AND RETHINKING THE ETHNIC NATION STATE
It is an undeniable fact that ethnic nations, such as American Indian Tribes, Canadian First Nations, and the Metis Nation are self-defined by their own unique heritages, languages, histories, and their own understanding of their own ethnic ancestries. Ethnic nations are also defined by the ideals of culture shared between members of the group, and their ancestors. They have a right to exist and a right to flourish on their own terms as they decolonize.
The central political tenet of ethnic nationalism, or aboriginal nationalism, is that indigenous groups can be identified unambiguously, and that these groups are entitled to self-determination and sovereignty over their affairs. This ideal bases membership of the nation on descent or heredity, often articulated in terms of common blood or kinship, rather than on political membership or by assumed similarity. Hence, indigenous groups with strong traditions of self-determination tend to define their nationality or citizenship by jus sanguinis (law of blood and descent from persons of that particular indigenous group). Such groups are often viewed as exclusive. However, the group identity is strongly inclusive of those who are truly part of the nation, with a policy of adhesion and open arms even to those brothers and sisters who were lost along the way.
Such ethnic nations derive political legitimacy from its status as an identifiable and cohesive group with a well-defined homeland and culture that protects it against colonization, persecution, and racism, and from its demands by outsiders (i.e. those who do not belong) to be allowed to share in the group's cultural and social life. They do not have that right to demand such inclusion.
Between individuals, as between nations, peace means respect for the rights of others to define themselves and to be themselves in a manner that benefits their own people and the next generations who follow.